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Turkey has decreased interest rates, but is it a buy?

Turkey has decreased interest rates, but is it a buy?


Turkey’s central bank governor was at a crossroads: to hold interest rates and take a risk to be fired like it was for three governors before him, or to comply with the president, to cut rates, and to risk the market. Let’s find out, how to react to the rate cut.

Long story short:

  • Turkey had 19% rate, which is one of the highest in the world, and now had cut it to 18%.
  • Turkey's inflation is even higher, at 19.25% (as of August 2021).
  • Turkey’s president Erdogan had fired 3 governors since 2019.
  • Economic and political demands in Turkey are quite divergent.

Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey (CBRT) and its governor, Sahap Kavcioglu are in a complicated situation. The country’s economy is pressed from both inside and outside. In August the bank left the benchmark interest rate unchanged at 19%, in line with market expectations, for the fifth month in a row. But there is a problem. Turkey’s annual inflation rate stood at 18.95% in July, according to the latest data from the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat), but now it has risen to 19.25%, making the real rate negative. And with the rate cut, it is now even worse.


What is going on with Lira?

The currency is down more than 16% since Kavcioglu’s appointment in March. Usually, it is an unambiguous signal to raise rates and to slow down TRY depreciation. But Erdogan is motivated not just to hold, but to cut rates, and this might cause a collapse in Turkey markets. But why would he do that? Many analysts say Erdogan appears to be growing impatient for monetary stimulus, given loans are expensive and he faces a tough election no later than 2023. A few say a prompt rate cut could even signal plans for an early vote.

In recent months, the central bank has urged patience due to unexpected inflation pressure brought on by rising global commodities prices and a surge in summer demand as pandemic restrictions eased. Despite the risk of currency depreciation and stubbornly high inflation, Erdogan has got what he wants.

The bank's policy committee said a rate cut was "needed" because of the lower core price measures - which strip out food and some other goods - as well as shocks to supply in the wake of pandemic measures.

Also, if Erdogan doesn’t stop changing governors, the lira will suffer even more, as every speech of him plunges the currency.


TRY’s technical overview

Obviously, the currency has weakened, and it will weaken further. As for the chart, USD/TRY is reacting to Fibonacci extensions and now we have a pullback from the 200 Fibonacci level. But it’s only a matter of time for the lira to fall.

USD/TRY H4 chart

Resistance: 8.720; 8.790

Support: 8.680; 8.510; 8.400




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